Carbon makes for an essential component of most organic matter, from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to fossil fuels. However, too much carbon in the atmosphere is a threat to the Earth’s existence. Natural carbon sinks have been responsible for stabilizing the carbon level for years. From the early 1700s, human activity has increased the chemical in the oceans and atmosphere by over 30%. It was 275 parts per million (PPM) then, but today the value has risen to about 400 PPM.
As much as 99% of the water plants take up in the field, particularly in arid regions, is lost through evapotranspiration (ET). The plants rely on less than 1% of the water to produce plant tissues. Farmers, environmentalists, and nations are currently at the forefront in tracking evapotranspiration since it’s helpful for developing highly efficient ways to mitigate the adverse impact of global warming and climate change.
According to estimates, the entire human population throws away four million tons of trash on daily basis, out of which 12.8 percent is plastic. The studies have revealed that around 8 million tons of plastic waste produced in the world are dumped into the ocean on annual basis. This plastic waste in the ocean is highly destructive for marine life, resulting in the death of millions of different marine species, endangered the lives of marine life, and disturb the aquatic ecosystem.