Carbon makes for an essential component of most organic matter, from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to fossil fuels. However, too much carbon in the atmosphere is a threat to the Earth’s existence. Natural carbon sinks have been responsible for stabilizing the carbon level for years. From the early 1700s, human activity has increased the chemical in the oceans and atmosphere by over 30%. It was 275 parts per million (PPM) then, but today the value has risen to about 400 PPM.
New research suggests that the amazon is now a net producer of greenhouse gasses. This is something scientists have warned of for decades, but how have we reached this point? Here we’ll dive into an explanation of why the Amazon is so important, how it works as a carbon sink and why it’s not functioning as one anymore.